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What is Monkeypox? – 10 important facts

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Monkeypox is a virus disease currently recognised as a global outbreak by WHO since Mid 2022

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The ongoing outbreak of monkeypox, a viral illness, was confirmed in May 2022, beginning with a cluster of cases found in 2018 in the United Kingdom. The first documented case was traced to an individual with travel links to Nigeria and was detected on 6 May 2022

1) What are the monkeypox symptoms? – Sourced by WHO

Monkeypox can cause a range of signs and symptoms.  While some people have mild symptoms, others may develop more serious symptoms and need care in a health facility. Those at higher risk for severe disease or complications include people who are pregnant, children and persons that are immunocompromised.

The most common symptoms of monkeypox include fever, headache, muscle aches, back pain, low energy, and swollen lymph nodes. This is followed or accompanied by the development of a rash which can last for two to three weeks. The rash can be found on the face, palms of the hands, soles of the feet, eyes, mouth, throat, groin, and genital and/or anal regions of the body. The number of lesions can range from one to several thousand. Lesions begin flat, then fill with liquid before they crust over, dry up and fall off, with a fresh layer of skin forming underneath.

Symptoms typically last two to three weeks and usually go away on their own or with supportive care, such as medication for pain or fever. People remain infectious until all of the lesions have crusted over, the scabs fallen off and a new layer of skin has formed underneath.

Anyone who has symptoms that could be monkeypox or who has been in contact with someone who has monkeypox should call or visit a health care provider and seek their advice.

2) How many monkeypox cases are there (25/July/2022)

16,836 in Total and 16,593 In countries that have not historically reported monkeypox. It’s almost spread across the globe by country wise and a totally of 74 countries did identify cases so far. 63 countries out of that are not historically cases reporting countries. That’s why this disease has been declared a global outbreak.

3) Is monkeypox dangerous

Monkeypox is usually mild and most people recover within a few weeks without treatment. But, if your symptoms are more severe and you become unwell, you may need treatment in the hospital.

4) Is monkeypox deadly

In current or recent outbreaks, the case fatality ratio has been around 3–6%. Monkeypox is transmitted to humans through close contact with an infected person. So it is always better to keep your Covid precautionary steps to keep the World Safe.

5) What is the monkeypox cure

Simply there is no cure for virus disease so far. So it is always the best way would be preventing measures.

06) Let’s learn Monkeypox vaccine – Sourced from CDC

  • Two vaccines licensed by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) are available for preventing monkeypox infection – JYNNEOS (also known as Imvamune or Imvanex) and ACAM2000.
  • In the United States, there is currently a limited supply of JYNNEOS, although more are expected in the coming weeks and months.
  • There is an ample supply of ACAM2000. However, this vaccine should not be used in people who have some health conditions, including a weakened immune system, skin conditions like atopic dermatitis/eczema, or pregnancy.
  • No data are available yet on the effectiveness of these vaccines in the current outbreak.

7) Monkeypox 2022 rise

Since 2016, confirmed cases of monkeypox have increased in countries where the virus is considered “endemic,” including the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Liberia, Nigeria, Republic of the Congo, and Sierra Leone. There was an outbreak of over 80 cases in Nigeria in 2017. The first confirmed case was traced to an individual with travel links to Nigeria and was detected on 6 May 2022.

8) Monkeypox outbreak map (25/July/2022)

9) What is Monkeypox origin

Monkeypox was discovered in 1958 when two outbreaks of a pox-like disease occurred in colonies of monkeys kept for research. Despite being named “monkeypox,” the source of the disease remains unknown. However, African rodents and non-human primates (like monkeys) might harbour the virus and infect people.

10) Any connection between Covid and Monkeypox

As per current knowledge, the answer is No. There is no direct connection. Some experts have addressed the media with further clarifications. As an RNA virus, the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus behind COVID is prone to mutations. The currently dominant omicron variant has rendered existing vaccines and antibody drugs less effective. But monkeypox is a DNA virus, which means it’s less likely to mutate, at least not as frequently as the coronavirus. And experts have explained further by specifying that Monkeypox isn’t contagious as covid 19.

Sources: Agency Reports / Health Authorities

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